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Archived updates for Thursday, October 04, 2007

Angola Joins the PCT on December 27, 2007

Angola (AO) became the 138th Patent Cooperation Treaty Contracting State on September 27, 2007, and the PCT will enter into force there on December 27, 2007.

However, according to Craig Kahn at Spoor & Fisher, the law in Angola has not yet been amended to recognize the PCT, and if national phase applications are filed, it is uncertain as to whether or not any enforceable rights will be granted. Whilst Angola is not a member of the Paris Union, the Angolan authorities have indicated that the priority of an earlier foreign application may be claimed within twelve months of the filing of that earlier application. "Until the law has been amended to provide for PCT national phase applications, we recommend that national patent applications be filed within the 12 month priority period," he advises.

Click here for his Spoor and Fisher's website on Angola Filing Requirements. Read below for more about Angola.

Although much of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war, a postwar reconstruction boom and resettlement of displaced persons has led to high rates of growth in construction and agriculture as well. Angola's high growth rate is driven by its oil sector, with record oil prices and rising petroleum production. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about half of GDP and 90% of exports. Increased oil production supported 12% growth in 2004, 19% growth in 2005, and nearly 14% growth in 2006. However, remnants of the conflict such as widespread land mines still mar the countryside even though an apparently durable peace was established after the death of rebel leader Jonas Savimbi in February 2002.

Once synonymous to slavery, outlaws and violence, the Capoeira Angola is now a well-known art form. This fight-dance, game, and martial art was created by enslaved Africans during the 17th Century with roots in the wedding rituals of the Bantu people, where the Dance of the Zebra, or "N´golo," included sparring between young warriors.

Capoeira participants form a roda (circle) and take turns playing instruments, singing, and sparring in pairs in the centre of the circle. The game is marked by fluid acrobatic play, feints, subterfuge, and extensive use of groundwork, as well as sweeps, kicks, and headbutts. Less frequently, elbow-strikes, slaps, punches, and body-throws are used. Technique and strategy are the key elements to playing a good game.

Capoeira does not focus on injuring the opponent. Rather, it emphasizes skill. Capoeiristas often prefer to show the movement without completing it, enforcing their superiority in the roda. If an opponent cannot dodge a slow attack, there is no reason to use a faster one. Each attack that comes in gives players a chance to practice an evasive technique.
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