India Launches Traditional Knowledge Database
Since time immemorial, India has possessed a rich traditional knowledge of ways
and means practiced to treat diseases afflicting people. This knowledge has
generally been passed down by word of mouth from generation to generation. Some
of them have been described in ancient classical and other literature, often
inaccessible to the common man. Documentation of this existing knowledge,
available in public domain, on various traditional systems of medicine has
become imperative to safeguard the sovereignty of this traditional knowledge and
to protect them from being misused in patenting on non-original discoveries, and
this has been a matter of national concern.
India fought successfully the revocation of turmeric and basmati patents granted by United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and neem patent granted by European Patent Office (EPO). As a sequel to this, in 1999, the Department of ISM&H constituted an inter-disciplinary Task Force, for preparing a report on establishing a TKDL.
TKDL is a collaborative project between NISCAIR (erstwhile NISCOM) and
Department of Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H), Ministry of
Health and Family Welfare which been implemented at NISCAIR. An inter-disciplinary team of 25 Ayurveda experts, 1 patent examiner, 5 IT experts, 3 NISCAIR scientists and 4 technical officers are in place at present for carrying out the work.
TKDL will give legitimacy to the existing traditional knowledge and enable protection of such information from getting patented by the fly-by-night inventors acquiring patents on our traditional knowledge systems. The project TKDL proposes to document the knowledge available in public domain by sifting and collating the information on traditional knowledge from the existing literature covering Ayurveda, in digitized format in five international languages which are English, German, French, Japanese and Spanish.
Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification (TKRC), an innovative structured
classification system for the purpose of systematic arrangement, dissemination
and retrieval has been evolved for about 5000 subgroups against one group in
international patent classification, i.e. AK61K35/78 related to medicinal